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Outdoor Exhibits include two sections: one for the exhibits which are hard to display inside the Exhibition Hall, and the other for the exhibits that can complement some or the entire contents of science and technology exhibitions. First of all, there is the Science History section in the front yard of the Science museum which displays the artifacts of Korean science and technology as well as the Natural History section which exhibits dinosaurs, silicified wood and basalt etc. There is also an open-air square where you can take a rest while viewing the exhibitions. In the backyard, there is another open square where defense science items, including warplanes, machine guns and armored vehicles are displayed. In addition, Korea’s first pilot maglev train is exhibited there. Therefore you can enjoy various exhibits.
1. Water Science Park
Water Science Park is a place where you can both play and learn scientific principles by participating in the games using the natures of water.
2. Bronze bell of Sangwonsa temple
With a height of 1.67 m and a diameter of 91cm, the Bronze Bell of Sangweonsa Temple is Korea’s oldest bell, built in 725 or the 24th year of King Seongdeok of the Shilla Dynasty. The Bell, installed in Mt. Odaesan, is known for the beautiful flying fairy engraved on it.
3. Cheomseongdae (Tower for Astronomic Observation)
Cheomseongdae, built in 647 or 16th year of Queen Seondeok, is world’s oldest astronomical observatory. A life size of Gyeongju Cheomseongdae, one of the scientific cultural heritages of the world, has been replicated for exhibition. It has been known that not only applied physical knowledge but also the principles of geometry for construction and mathematical principles for mechanics have been applied to the construction of the original Cheomseongdae.
4. Goryeo Cheomseongdae
A replica of Goryeo Cheomseongdae built at Manwoeldae of Gaeseong, installed with a HonCheonUi (a celestial globe) and sundial, is on disply. Goryeo Cheomseongdae is estimated to date back to the Goryeo era when the kingdom had a separate agency responsible for astronomic and meteorological observation.
5. Sundial (Jeongnamilgu)
Jeongnamilgu is one of the sundials invented by King Sejong, which was built in 1437 or the 19th year of King Sejong. The hole at the tip of Gyuhyeong(a type of telescope) has to be aligned with the altitude of the sun so that sunlight falls on the hourly mark (Baekgakhwan: 12 hourly per day) and seasonal subdivision line (Geolgiseon) to indicate the time and season.
6. Space Science Park
Located in the open space behind the Permanent Exhibition Hall. the Space Science Park displays lots of exhibits related to space science such as a full-scale model of rocket, KSR-Ⅰ·Ⅱ·Ⅲ, Naro KSLV-1, Naro rocket fairing, KSR-Ⅲ launch pad. The latter two were used in real research and tests. Visitors can also see various defense science exhibits there.